It is suggested that some dermatological diseases due to their chronicity, impact on the body image, unlikelihood of complete recovery and frequent recurrences are one of the major predisposing factors towards depression. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the rate and level of depression among pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus patients, two of the most common causes of hospitalization in dermatology units. This research was conducted on 55 patients with active pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus referring to pemphigus clinics or admitted
as inpatients to the dermatology ward of Qaem and Imam Reza hospitals, Mashhad, Iran, from April 2008 to September 2009. The research tool was the Beck Depression Inventory. Collected data was analyzed by χ(2) -test Student’s t-test. Twenty-six (47.3%) patients were female and 29 (52.7%) were male. The mean age was 42.34 ± 18.98 years. The prevalence rate of clinical depression was 28% in pemphigus vulgaris and 20% in pemphigus foliaceus cases. Depression prevalence showed no significant difference between these two groups (P = 0.873). In conclusion, pemphigus patients are at risk for mild depression.