Tag Archives: laboratories

<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-447">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-446">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-445">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-444">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-443">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-442">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-441">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-440">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-439">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-438">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-437">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-436">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-435">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-434">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-431">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-430">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-428">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-427">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-426">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-424">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-423">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-421">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-420">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-419">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-417">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-416">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-415">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-414">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-411">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-410">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-409">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-408">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-407">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-406">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-405">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-404">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-397">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-396">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-394">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-393">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-392">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-391">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-390">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-386">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-385">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-384">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-383">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-382">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-381">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-380">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-379">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-378">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-377">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-376">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-375">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-374">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-373">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-372">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-371">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-370">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-368">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-367">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-365">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-364">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-363">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-362">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-361">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-360">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-359">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-358">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-356">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-355">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-354">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-352">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-351">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-350">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-349">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-348">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-347">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-346">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-345">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-344">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-343">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-342">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-341">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-340">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-338">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-336">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-335">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-334">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-333">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-332">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-331">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-330">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-328">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-327">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-326">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-325">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-324">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-323">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-322">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-321">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-320">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-319">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-318">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-317">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-316">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-315">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-314">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-313">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-312">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-311">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-310">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-309">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-308">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-307">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-306">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-305">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-304">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-303">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-302">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-301">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-300">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-298">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-294">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-293">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-278">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-277">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-276">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-275">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-274">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-273">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-272">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-271">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-270">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-269">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-264">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-263">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-262">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-261">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-255">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-254">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-253">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-226">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-215">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-211">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-210">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-207">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-206">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-205">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-202">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-195">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-178">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-177">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-176">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-110">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-109">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-108">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-95">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-94">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-93">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-92">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-86">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-84">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-83">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-82">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-79">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-78">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-76">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-75">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-74">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-73">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-72">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-71">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-70">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-68">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-67">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-66">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-65">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-64">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-63">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-62">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-61">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-60">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-59">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-58">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-57">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-56">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-54">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-52">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-48">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-47">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-46">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-45">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-41">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-40">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-39">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-38">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-37">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-36">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-35">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-34">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-33">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-32">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-31">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-30">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-29">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-28">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-26">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-25">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-24">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-23">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-22">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-20">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-19">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-18">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-17">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-15">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-14">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-13">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-12">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-10">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-9">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-8">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-7">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-6">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-5">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-4">span class="explanatory-dictionary-highlight" data-definition="explanatory-dictionary-definition-3">div class="row">

by Ernest H. Beutner, Ph.D.*
Professor of Microbiology and Dermatology,
University of Buffalo; School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences;
Buffalo, NY

Patients with pemphigus may benefit by working with their doctors to gain a better understanding of the tests used to detect and control the disease, in some situations. Three groups of tests can help doctors diagnose pemphigus; one of these can also help to control the disease. Two groups use skin or oral tissue samples, one from light microscopy and one for direct immunofluorescence. A third group uses blood tests for the pemphigus antibodies that cause the disease; these fluctuate with disease activity. Many doctors use al three methods to check all diagnoses of pemphigus; each test gives different types of information.